Obama se tourne contre la Chine et délaisse l’ultrasionisme.

Même si j’ai beaucoup de mal à imaginer le fait que le Sionisme puisse perdre sa main mise sur le pouvoir politique, médiatique, économique et financier au Etats-Unis, je dois avouer que le nouveau mandat d’Obama semble prendre une direction tout à fait différente du précédent, effet de la crise économique et financière actuelle ou rétrécissement volontairement négocié de la sphère de pouvoir américain, en tout cas il y a du changement qui s’opère au plus niveau politique chez l’Oncle Sam … à suivre de très près … !!!

Mehdi BOUABID

11/03/2013

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On a du mal à percevoir les nouvelles conceptions politiques mises en place lors de ce second mandat d’Obama. Autant le premier était pro-sioniste malgré quelques réticences, autant le second ne le sera pas malgré quelques concessions.  L’administration américaine bascule clairement dans ce qui sera son objectif prioritaire: son combat contre l’influence chinoise.

Vers un nouveau monde bipolaire

Vers un nouveau monde bipolaire

Obama délaisse le lobby israélien

LA-VISITE-DOBAMA-EN-ISRAËL-A-UN-LOGO-OFFICIEL1Ce qui a frappé lors de l’inauguration de son second mandat est la ténacité avec laquelle le président Obama a écarté toutes les demandes du lobby sioniste de l’AIPAC alors qu’il n’y a pas si longtemps il se serait soumis. La nomination de Chuck Hagel qui n’est pas un sioniste tout en étant un défendeur de l’intégrité d’Israël est le marqueur qu’un changement de cap est en train de s’opérer à l’intérieur de l’administration américaine.

D’ailleurs la visite prochaine d’Obama en Israël est préparée avec fébrilité par l’entité sionistequi tente de faire croire que les USA seront toujours et en toutes circonstances les alliés d’Israël quoi que fasse celui-ci 1 . Le président Shimon Péres proclame partout toute la confiance d’Israël en ce président 2  comme une sorte d’exhortation mystique pour tenter de nouer à jamais les liens de domination sioniste sur la politique étrangère US.
En attendant les sionistes ont mis la main sur la puissance militaire française qui est entièrement à leurs services et le sera lorsque la nécessité le demandera comme le montre la déclaration ultrasioniste du président français:  » L’Iran est un danger pour le monde entier!«  3 . Une déclaration aussi débile que le ministre des affaires étrangères Laurent Fabius disant qu’Assad devait disparaître de la surface de la terre! Ce pays, la France, est entièrement entre les mains d’intérêts ultrasionistes ce qui décrédibilise de plus en plus notre diplomatie alors que les américains changent leur fusil d’épaule!

Obama veut faire plier Israël!

Il y a de l'eau dans le gaz entre les deux leaders.

Il y a de l’eau dans le gaz entre les deux leaders.

La nouvelle politique d’Obama vis-à-vis de l’entité sioniste sera beaucoup moins complaisante avec elle. C’est ainsi qu’il demandera (qu’il exigera?) lors de son prochain voyage qu’Israël accède à la demande internationale d’une partition en deux états distincts accédant à la demande palestinienne de récupérer la Judée-samarie soit la Cisjordanie 4  . C’est une demande assez hallucinante venant d’un allié indéfectible d’Israël car cela ne peut pas être accepté par l’entité sioniste.

Mais de plus Obama semble adoucir son emprise contre le nucléaire iranien en assouplissant les sanctions contre l’état chiite 5 ce qui va bien entendu contre la position ultrasioniste qui est d’éradiquer la puissance iranienne dans son voisinage pour construire ce fameux grand Israël impérialiste qui lui donnerait quasiment une autonomie suffisante pour son indépendance surtout vis-à-vis de son allié américain. Celui-ci ne peut pas partager cette vision d’avenir car il sait que cela ne peut arriver que lors de la ruine de l’empire américain dans une longue guerre en Iran contre l’empire russo-chinois. Obama ne veut donc pas dépendre de la vision ultrasioniste de sa politique étrangère car pour lui il est temps de changer son fusil d’épaule et de comprendre que l’empire susceptible de le menacer dans le futur sera l’empire chinois.

C’est pourquoi la seconde administration Obama voudra réorganiser politiquement ses alliances avec le monde arabe et se désengager militairement de la région. L’objectif étant de le rassembler dans sa sphère d’influence pour lutter contre l’expansion de la sphère d’influence chinoise beaucoup plus inquiétante pour son hégémonie. Exit donc la politique des néo-conservateurs! 6  . Exit donc aussi la vision anti-russe de Brezinsky, car la nouvelle politique sera au minimum d’engager des relations neutres avec la Russie pour désamorcer les conflits, comme ils essayent de le faire en Syrie 7  , et surtout pour éviter qu’elle se rapproche trop de la Chine. Tout le jeu politique trouble de John Kerry dans la région est donc d’essayer de nouer des relations diplomatiques avec la Russie sans pour autant oublier son allié éternel qu’est Israël ce qui constitue en fait un double-jeu à mettre en place pour ne froisser ni l’un ni l’autre assez délicat.

La nouvelle administration d’Obama tout entière tournée contre la Chine.

Une pression constante est mise sur la Chine au nom des intérêts nationaux américains.

Une pression constante est mise sur la Chine au nom des intérêts nationaux américains.

Le nouvel ennemi, officieusement déclaré bien sûr, de l’empire américain est l’empire chinois en construction. Car l’influence chinoise dans le monde est suffisamment grandissante pour nuire à terme à l’hégémonie politique des USA sur l’ordre mondial. N’est-ce pas ceux-ci qui ont les pouvoirs à l’ONU, au FMI voir même à l’OMC 8 ?
L’empire américain va achever de noyer dans sa sphère d’influence la pôle européen dont la Chine espérait qu’il serait un pôle indépendant de l’influence américaine. Raté. L’union européenne via la signature prochaine du traité transatlantique (2014-2015) achèvera de mettre l’Europe sous influence américaine. AQprès l’adhésion totale de l’UE à l’Otan, et donc sous commandement américain, le traité transatlantique parachèvera l’œuvre en créant une espèce d’Otan économique 9  . Ainsi l’Europe servirait de vache à lait aux intérêts américains dans le monde…

La déstabilisation de l’Asie a donc commencée pour empêcher le développement de la sphère d’influence chinoise de s’étendre dans la région Asie-pacifique en plein développement économique.
Des terroristes islamistes financés par l’Arabie Saoudite sont en train d’infiltrer la Malaisie 10  pour tenter de porter au pouvoir en Malaisie un gouvernement pro-occidental financé par l’Arabie Saoudite qui est elle-même sous contrôle américain. Comme le fait le Qatar en Afrique en finançant les « frères musulmans » qui seront plus à la solde des intérêts américains que sionistes.

La nouvelle administration chinoise qui rentrera dans le jeu mondial le 16 mars a défini clairement ses priorités qui seront donc de garantir sa zone d’influence en Asie -pacifique et d’augmenter sa sphère d’influence dans le monde arabo-africain, abandonnant clairement l’Europe la sachant vendue aux intérêts US 11 . Ce déploiement chinois hors de sa zone doit être contenue par l’empire américain. C’est donc pour cela que la France est intervenue au Mali pour garantir à l’empire que la zone minière d’importance ainsi que ce territoire stratégique restera entre ses mains et ne tombera pas aux mains d’islamistes ou de bédouins indépendants qui pourraient trouver un intérêt à nouer des relations fortes avec la Chine. A noter que l’expansion chinoise promise se fera par le développement de la sphère diplomatique et économique et que l’empire américain ne pourra la contrer qu’en utilisant sa supériorité militaire.

C’est ainsi qu’il faut analyser la tension en Corée par l’entremise de la Corée du Sud qui a pour conséquence de mettre la Chine en porte-à-faux dans son soutien indéfectible au régime nord-coréen et ainsi l’affaiblir sur la scène internationale. La Chine a d’ailleurs voté, ce qui est rare!, les sanctions contre la Corée du Nord car la Chine ne veut pas de tensions militaires avec les américains, ni être pointée du doigt par la communauté internationale. Elle a bien conscience que pour l’instant ce n’est nullement son intérêt.
C’est aussi le jeu trouble joué par le Japon, allié américain dans la zone, sur les îles Diaoyu 12  créant une tension militaire sino-japonaise de plus. Les américains restent neutres alors que l’agression est typiquement japonaise 13  ce qui tendrait à montrer que cela fait les affaires de l’administration US qui veut augmenter la pression sur la Chine dans la zone. Une administration qui s’annonce offensive technologiquement puisqu’elle se prépare visiblement à une guerre informatique contre la Chine 14  .

Comme on le constate donc l’administration américaine change son fusil d’épaule sachant que l’empire susceptible de le menacer à terme ne sera pas l’empire islamique qui n’existera pas mais l’impérialisme chinois qu’elle se doit donc de contraindre par tous les moyens possible. Ce sera difficile économiquement alors les manœuvres de déstabilisation par le terrorisme et par l’agitation militaire de ses alliés Corée du Sud et Japon dans la mer de Chine serviront à maintenir les autorités chinoises sur le grill dans sa sphère d’influence d’origine. La Chine qui, elle, s’apprête à renforcer ses liens avec les BRICS ce qui peut nous montrer qu’un nouveau monde bipolaire est proche d’émerger et que la tête de proue de cette nouvelle guerre froide à venir ne sera plus la Russie mais bien la Chine.

Source : http://lecitoyenengage.fr/2013/03/11/obama-se-tourne-contre-la-chine-et-delaisse-lultrasionisme/

 

 

Field of dreams: Israel’s natural gas – FT.com

Field of dreams: Israel’s natural gas – FT.com.

مقال جد مهم للفايننشال تايمز : حقول الأحلام : الغاز الطبيعي في إسرائيل

المقال يوضح جملة من الحقائق حول الأسباب الغير مباشرة للعدوان على قطاع غزة :

اولها : ان هذه الحقول المكتشفة من الغاز الطبيعي في المنطقة البحرية المواجهة للقطاع تقدر قيمة احتياطياتها بحوالى 140 مليار دولار على مدى 30 عام , اى حوالى 4.5 مليار دولار كل عام ….!!!

ثانيها : ان الهيئة الجيولوجية الامريكية قدرت حجم الاحتياطيات فى المنطقة الممتدة من مصر الى تركيا بحوالى 120 تريليون قدم نصيب الكيان الصهيونى منها 40% اى حوالى 48 تريليون قدم مكعب فى الجملة …. !!!

طبعا اكتشاف الغاز الطبيعى فى المياة الاقليمية لفلسطين المحتلة امر مهم للصهاينة ومفيد, و بالتالي يصبح أساس هذه الحرب كما هو الأمر دائما هو السيطرة على الموارد الطبيعية التي تمثل ثقل إستراتيجي هام جدا في منطقة شرق البحر الأبيض المتوسط, ليس فقط لإسرائيل, بل كذلك لتركيا, مصر, لإيران, لروسيا, للصين و بالقطع لسوريا مما قد يفسر شيئا ما دواعي ضرورة إسقاط النظام السوري و إنهيار دولة حزب البعث …. !!!

 

Field of dreams: Israel’s natural gas

After decades of importing every drop of fuel, Israel has struck it rich, uncovering vast reserves of natural gas in the Mediterranean

Tamar Natural Gas Field, a view from a chopper, 130km west of Haifa, Israel©Lihee Avidan

The Sedco Express drilling rig above the Tamar gas field in the Mediterranean

The black and yellow helicopter heads north from Tel Aviv, passing over empty beaches, a yacht harbour and a string of sprawling seafront residences that house some of Israel’s wealthiest families. After a few minutes the pilot makes a sharp turn to the left and steers his ageing Bell 412 towards the open sea.

For more than half an hour, all there is to see is the blue waters of the Mediterranean. Then suddenly a hulking mass of brightly painted steel rises from the midday haze. Towering more than 100m above the water, this is the Sedco Express, a drilling rig that has been operating in this stretch of ocean for almost three years. As the helicopter touches down on the landing pad, we see a small blue and white Star of David flag fluttering in the wind. It is the only sign that the Sedco Express sits atop one of the greatest treasures that Israel has ever found. Far below, connected to the rig by a slender steel pipe that runs through 1,700m of ocean and another 4,500m of rock and sand, lies a vast reservoir of natural gas known as the Tamar field.

The men on board the Sedco Express are busy testing the field’s multiple wells in preparation for the long-awaited day next April, when a US-Israeli consortium will start pumping the gas onshore. With reserves of almost 10 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, the Tamar field is a hugely valuable asset for the Israeli economy. Discovered in January 2009, it was the biggest gas find in the world that year, and by far the biggest ever made in Israeli waters. But the record held for barely two years. In December 2010, Tamar was dwarfed by the discovery of the Leviathan gasfield some 20 miles farther east – the largest deepwater gas reservoir found anywhere in the world over the past decade. The two fields, together with a string of smaller discoveries, will cover Israel’s domestic demand for gas for at least the next 25 years, and still leave hundreds of billions of cubic feet for sale abroad. The government take from the gasfields alone is forecast to reach at least $140bn over the next three decades – a staggering sum for a relatively small economy such as Israel’s.

Experts are convinced that Tamar and Leviathan will not be the last big Israeli discoveries. They point to the US Geological Survey, which estimates that the subsea area that runs from Egypt all the way north to Turkey, also known as the Levantine Basin, contains more than 120 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. Israeli waters account for some 40 per cent of the total. Should these estimates be confirmed through discoveries in the years ahead, Israel’s natural gas reserves would count among the 25 largest in the world, on a par with the proven reserves of Libya and ahead of those of India and The Netherlands. For decades a barren energy island, forced to import every drop of fuel, Israel today stands on the cusp of an economic revolution, fuelled by the vast riches that lie below its waters.

. . .

It is a revolution that has gripped ministerial offices and corporate boardrooms alike. Since the discovery of Leviathan, the country has been in the midst of an intense and often controversial debate over how best to use the new resources at its disposal. All the classic dilemmas associated with hydrocarbon discoveries have resurfaced, though often with a surprising Israeli twist. Should the gas be exported or used at home? What share of the new wealth belongs to the government and what to the companies that made the discoveries in the first place? And how far should Israel go towards turning itself into a “gassified” national economy, in which power stations, homes, industry and the transportation system alike all run on natural gas?

A final issue, and perhaps the most poignant of all the questions facing Israeli policy makers, is how the discoveries will affect the country’s standing in the region. Some worry that fields such as Leviathan will become a focal point for tensions, and perhaps even a target for Israel’s many enemies. Others hope that the gas will serve as a force for good, and help Israel build economic and political bridges to its neighbours, some of whom remain as energy-starved as Israel was until recently.

The Sedco rig sits on top of the Tamar field©Lihee Avidan

The Sedco rig sits on top of the Tamar field, which has almost 10 trillion cubic feet of natural gas

The recent discoveries are so large, and have come so swiftly, that some Israelis are having difficulty adjusting to the new reality. Even hardened energy executives speak of a “miracle” when discussing Israel’s natural gas story; others have resorted to the heavens to explain the new-found wealth. No less a figure than Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s prime minister, recently compared the discoveries to “manna from heaven” – the mystical food that sustained the Israelites during their 40 years in the desert.

Yet for all the talk of divine intervention, the discovery of Leviathan, Tamar and other fields would not have happened without the fierce determination of men like Gideon Tadmor. A cheerful, rotund 49-year-old, he is widely regarded as the pioneer of Israel’s natural gas industry.

Tadmor trained as a lawyer and dabbled in the property business before deciding more than two decades ago that it was time to turn his attention to oil and gas exploration. It was not the most promising line of business. Like all Israelis, Tadmor was only too familiar with the famous complaint made by Golda Meir, and repeated endlessly since then. “Let me tell you something that we Israelis have against Moses,” the then prime minister remarked at a banquet in 1973. “He took us 40 years through the desert in order to bring us to the one spot in the Middle East that has no oil.”

Over the years that claim became an article of faith for many Israelis. The country’s conspicuous lack of natural resources chimed with the broader national narrative of a state struggling and succeeding against the odds. It even served to heighten Israeli pride in the country’s economic and military achievements, which frequently outshone those of nearby countries rolling in oil wealth. But, for many decades, Meir’s complaint was also borne out on the ground, which stubbornly refused to yield all but the tiniest amount of hydrocarbons.

Gideon Tadmor, pioneer of Israel’s natural gas industry, on the Sedco rig©Lihee Avidan

Gideon Tadmor, pioneer of Israel’s natural gas industry, on the Sedco rig

The years of failure meant there was no competition when Tadmor started knocking on the doors of the Israeli government to request exploration licences. His company, Avner Oil & Gas, started drilling for oil onshore in 1991, before moving into the deep waters close to the Israeli coastline and eventually pushing on into even greater depths. “We had looked at the vast success and activity [of gas exploration] in Egypt,” he tells me, sitting in the conference room of his headquarters north of Tel Aviv. “We all felt that the geological trend would not stop at the political border – and should extend into Israeli waters.”

Drilling in deep waters, however, required not only deep pockets but also profound technical knowhow. Neither was at the disposal of the Israeli upstarts. Tadmor and his partners decided to bring in a strategic partner, launching a quest that turned out to be fraught with more obstacles than anything the company had experienced to date. “It was an endless process. We were willing to look everywhere. We knew that finding a strategic partner would be fundamental for success, because in Israel there was no expertise.”

Tadmor and his partners thought they had a compelling geological story: they were proposing to drill in an area that showed much the same characteristics as the nearby Egyptian waters where discoveries had been made. Yet they were turned down again and again, fuelling suspicions that the big oil groups in Europe and the US were unwilling to risk their vital relationship with Arab countries by investing in Israel: “There is no question about it. Anyone who knows anything about this industry knows that there is an overwhelming geopolitical consideration with top companies when they decide to enter or exit a country,” says Tadmor. “Even during the best times, when Israeli and Palestinian leaders signed the Oslo accords in 1993, it was very obvious that for many of the big players there were geopolitical considerations that clouded their approach towards Israel.”

. . .

Geopolitical considerations, of course, have been at the heart of the oil and gas industry almost from the beginning. As the target of an Arab oil boycott, Israel itself was forced to learn the hard way that energy security and national security are closely entwined. Already scrambling to secure supplies, the country was dealt another rude shock in 1973, when Arab oil producers responded to Israel’s victory in the Yom Kippur war by launching a sweeping oil embargo. It was a move that shaped the country’s energy policy for years to come, instilling in Israeli leaders a desperate desire for energy independence.

“A big part of the policy community in Israel was hugely affected by the Arab oil boycott in the early 1970s,” says Brenda Shaffer, an expert on Israeli energy policy at the University of Haifa. “It made people here give an almost disproportionate importance to holding energy volumes.”

A quarter of a century later, Tadmor and his partners felt they were finally close to delivering those volumes. Without money and expertise from abroad, however, Israel’s hydrocarbon potential would remain untapped for many years if not decades. And without a strategic partner or other signs of progress, Avner Oil risked losing its offshore exploration licences. It was time for desperate measures: “We sent a guy to Houston for three months with one mission. I told him: go to Houston, open the phone book and go through it company by company. Call every one of them, and bring us a partner.”

After three months, only two companies remained on that list. Neither seemed too keen, but Tadmor decided to take his lawyer and fly out to Houston all the same. “At the time the price of oil was $15 per barrel. That meant no one was taking any aggressive decisions to enter new countries. The environment was very, very problematic,” he recalls. Indeed, the macroeconomic environment was not the only inauspicious sign. As his plane taxied towards the runway at Tel Aviv airport, Tadmor spotted something unusual: “All of a sudden I see a black cat running down the aisle. It was a chaotic situation. The stewardesses were running after the cat with a blanket, trying to catch it. We eventually turned back, and the cat was handed over. But one passenger decided to leave the plane. She said: ‘With a black cat on the plane, nothing good can happen.’”

The plane returned to the runway and started accelerating for take-off. Then Tadmor had a second nasty surprise: “I hear a huge blast – one of the engines had exploded!” It was a near-miss: had the engine blown up in the air, the plane might well have crashed, putting a premature end to both Tadmor and Israel’s best hope of finding gas in the Mediterranean. “I told my lawyer: ‘I don’t know if anything good will come of this experience.’ But everything that came out from this trip was good.”

locational map of Leviathan and Tamar gas field in Israel

In fact the ill-omened trip to Houston produced a deal with a small Oklahoma-based exploration company called Samedan Oil Corporation. Samedan was too small to worry about its relationship with Arab oil ministries, but large enough to seek expansion abroad. It would later change its name to Noble Energy, and emerge alongside Avner and Delek, an Israeli conglomerate, as one of the three leading players in the Israeli natural gas boom (Delek later bought out Avner, but kept Tadmor on to run the combined group). To this day, the three groups control most of the big fields discovered in the Levantine basin, with Noble holding the largest individual stake in fields such as Leviathan, Tamar and Yam Tethys.

The partners drilled their first well in 1999, in a field known as Noa. They found gas, but the quantity was too small to allow immediate commercial exploitation. A year later, in a nearby field known as Mari-B, they were successful, uncovering a field that contained about a trillion cubic feet of natural gas. Four years later, the gas started to flow to the mainland where it was used to generate electricity.

Tadmor and his partners had proved that Israeli waters did contain natural gas, and that these reserves could be exploited profitably. But the discoveries at Yam Tethys were a mere taste of things to come. In January 2009, a consortium that again included Noble, Delek and Avner, along with Isramco and Alon, two Israeli companies, found Tamar. The following year came Leviathan, the discovery that finally catapulted Israel into the big league. Speaking days before the drilling that confirmed the huge find, Yitzhak Tshuva, the Delek chairman and one of the wealthiest men in Israel, made a bold pronouncement: “This is geopolitical power that Israel needs now more than ever,” he said of the natural gasfields. “Israel will become a big international player, and it will have geopolitical power vis a vis many countries.”

. . .

One of the men whose task is to marshal that power is Uzi Landau, the minister for energy. A slim, wiry man with a raspy voice and a hawkish political outlook, Landau is at pains to accentuate the potential political benefits not just for Israel but for the wider region. The minister says he is keen to export some of the country’s natural gas to Jordan and the Palestinian territories: “We believe this will not only be good business, but also highly important for coexistence. This will eventually help a peace agreement. Natural gas is also important for the political level. We wish to develop our relations with the region,” he says.

Uzi Landau, Israel’s energy minister, at his office in Jerusalem©Lihee Avidan

Uzi Landau, Israel’s energy minister hopes the gas discoveries will promote peace in the region

Landau points out that Israel is already busy deepening its political and economic relationship with Cyprus, which has itself found large gas deposits in waters adjacent to the Israeli discoveries. There is even talk of building a gas pipeline to Cyprus, and of connecting the Israeli power grid to the divided island through an undersea cable. But not everyone is convinced that Israel’s natural gas riches will be a force for regional integration. The northern fields such as Tamar and Leviathan, for example, are not far from the disputed line that separates Israeli and Lebanese territorial waters. Hizbollah, the Lebanese Shia group that is one of Israel’s most committed enemies, has already accused Israel of stealing Lebanese gas. Farther to the south, snaking its way through the Sinai Peninsula, is another example of the pitfalls created by regional gas diplomacy: the pipeline that carries Egyptian gas to Israel.

Initially hailed as a sign of friendship and co-operation, the pipeline has since emerged as an object of hate for many Egyptians, who resent the sale of cheap gas to Israel at a time when Egypt itself faces chronic energy supply problems. The pipeline has been blown up no fewer than 14 times during the past 18 months, and the supply deal has now in effect been cancelled.

“We tend to think that countries that hold a lot of oil and gas are very powerful. But if you look at it more carefully, you see that this is a double-edged sword. Countries that have large volumes of oil and gas tend to have a lot more problems. They tend to get involved in conflicts more often than other countries. There is a tendency towards war,” says Shaffer, the energy analyst from Haifa University.

She points out that Cyprus is once again at loggerheads with Turkey over the recent gas discoveries, and that Israel, thanks to its new alliance, may yet find itself drawn into the escalation: “The gas finds have already defrosted the frozen Cypriot conflict. So Israel is now finding itself involved in a conflict that it has never been involved in before.”

But fear of conflict is not the only worry associated with the gas. As delighted as they are over the recent finds, Israeli officials say they are only too aware of the “resource curse” that afflicts countries with abundant natural resources, whereby the discovery of great natural wealth is often followed by disappointing economic growth and an erosion of competitiveness.

“We have to be very careful not to think that with natural gas there is no more need to continue in the same direction of the past: to focus on education, focus on research and development and to do whatever we can to solidify the social fabric of our society,” argues Landau. He points out that “the political leadership of our country is very sensitive to that problem”, but warns that the country will have to be careful “not to fall into that pit”.

For the time being, Israeli leaders can claim with some justification that their response to the new-found wealth has been measured and sensible. There has been a notable emphasis on sustainability, not least in the way the state intends to use the new resources. Though it will take years before the government will reap meaningful gas revenues, it has already set up a sovereign wealth fund to manage part of the new wealth. The fund, which follows the model set by Norway, is expected to swell to $80bn by 2040, and is intended to provide a financial cushion for future crises. But some of the expected government take (“some” meaning about $60bn over the next three decades) will flow straight into the state budget to fund education projects and bolster national security.

For a state that spent so many decades as an economic backwater, and that continues to rely on financial support from the US, this new largesse will take some getting used to. The same pleasing challenge faces Tadmor and the handful of other businessmen who believed in Israel’s gas potential long before the first drills broke through to fields such as Leviathan.

“It has topped all my expectations,” says Tadmor.“So what I need to do now is raise my expectations,” he adds with a grin.

Tobias Buck is the FT’s Jerusalem bureau chief